Thursday, April 11, 2019

International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID)

International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID)


The International Federation for Information and Documentation (the word Information was added to the name in 1986, but the acronym FID is continued) was founded by Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine in Belgium in 1895 as the International Institute of Bibliography (UB).
At that time, the main objective was the creation and maintenance of a Classification (UDC) from the Dewey Decimal Classification for Providing order ami access to the bibliographical entries in the world repertory. While the Universal Bibliographic Repertory project had failed the IIB left legacies of great value in providing a nucleus for the evolution of ITD and in the development of UDC. Which is still the world's major classification scheme for information and knowledge. 
In the early period. The activities were few and the participation was confined to European countries. In 1938, when the headquarters was completely shifted to the Hague, the International Institutenssuiued the name International Federation for Documentation to signify an expanding role to cover documentation in all its practical aspects. 
FID is essentially a scientific and professional organisation. It is a non-governmental body. Small permanent secretarial functions at the headquarters which is now located at the Hague. The membership comprises national members, one each of over sixty countries two international members and a large number of affiliate members. Its revenue comes from membership subscription. Sale of publications and a small grant from UNESCO. International information system on research in documentation was established in 1972 with the assistance of FID. 




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